Tohoku University. Research Profiles

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"D" Theme - 73 Result(s)

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Development of Electronic Instruments (Radio, Infrared, Optical, and Digital), Extensible Unit, and Embedded Software for Spacecraft

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We have performed the development of the radio wave receivers, radars, infrared & optical cameras / spectrometers, and digital instruments for various space projects. (Ex. KAGUYA [Lunar orbiter], BepiColombo [Mercury orbiter], Hisaki [EUV space telescope], Reimei [Small aurora-observatory], Arase [radiation belt], JUICE [Jupiter], the International Space Station [atmospheric camera IMAP], several sounding rockets and high-altitude balloon experiments.)

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

By historical reasons, the developments of these analog / digital circuits, FPGA, embedded software, extensible mechanics have mainly been with companies and engineers in Kanto and Chubu areas. We hope to find the counter companies / persons in Sendai / Miyagi / Tohoku areas.

Planetary Plasma and Atmospheric Research Center
KASABA Yasumasa, Professor PhD (Electronics)

Development of Entangled Photon Sources

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The quantum information and communication technology (QICT) is expected to overcome the difficulties that classical information technology is confronted with. Quantum entanglement carried by photons is one of the most fundamental resources in QICT. We have been developing efficient, high-quality entangled photon sources utilizing semiconductor materials and quasi-phase-matched optical nonlinear devices, with a number of patents awarded.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology.

Research Institute of Electrical Communication
EDAMATSU Keiichi, Professor Doctor of Science

Development of Fall-Prevention Footwear Based on Mechanical Analysis of Slip-Related Falls

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The number of fatalities due to falling accidents indoor/outdoor has increased in Japan as well as in other advanced countries. The fatalities due to falling accidents in a year have exceeded those due to traffic accidents in Japan recently. Because more than 80% of the fatalities are elderly people, it is considered an urgent issue to prevent their falling. We have conducted researches on falling during walking due to induced slip, in the contact interface of shoe sole and floor, through tribological and biomechanical approaches. We clarified the required values of static friction coefficient (figure 1), between shoe sole and floor, and how to gait to prevent slipping through kinetic analysis of gait. We also succeeded in the development of a unique footwear outsole having the high-grip property (figure 2) and high slip-resistant concrete pavement blocks (figure 3) through the collaboration with regional companies. We have recently conducted research and development of footwear that is able to prevent falls due to balance loss after slipping.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Products for fall prevention in daily life or in work site. Evaluation of slip resistance of footwear and floor materials.

Graduate School of Engineering
YAMAGUCHI Takeshi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of Geothermal Energy and Geosphere Environmental Informatics

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My research field is Geothermal Geology, Resource Geology and Environmental Geology. I am conducting exploration of heat source, hydrothermal alteration and characterization of geothermal reservoir by geological techniques. I study water-rock interaction and fluid dynamics in reservoirs on the basis of hydrothermal experiments under sub- to supercritical conditions and numerical simulation. Additionally, risk assessment of soil, river water in terms of heavy metal pollution.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

I am conducting international collaboration with respect to geothermal geology, mining geology, and geoengineering related to risk assessment of geosphere environment.

Graduate School of Environmental Studies
TSUCHIYA Noriyoshi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of High Performance Carbon Nanotube-Alumina Composite

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One of the important challenges in the development of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) reinforced ceramic composites is uniform dispersion of CNTs in the matrix. The mechanical properties of CNT/ceramics composites have been limited to date due to the formation of CNT agglomerates in the composite. We have successfully produced CNT/alumina composites with world top class strength and toughness, by employing a newly developed CNTs dispersion technique based on a flocculation method. The processing method developed in this study enables us to prepare high performance CNT materials using a pressureless sintering method.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

The possible applications of the CNT/alumina composites developed in this study include tribological materials (ball bearing), biomaterials (artificial hip joint), micro-actuator materials utilizing electrostrictive effects, electromagnetic wave absorber, particularly in the frequency range of several GHz and several ten GHz.

Graduate School of Engineering
HASHIDA Toshiyuki, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of High Sensitive Magnetic Sensor Operating at Room Temperature with Tunnel Magnetoresistance Devices

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Recently, many tunnel magnetoresistance devices with high magnetoresistance effect are reported. These are expected to be applied to high sensitive magnetic sensors. There are many magnetic sensors with variety of the mechanism, in order to meet the demand of the very wide range of sensing magnetic field. However, there is no magnetic sensor which has high sensitivity, easy to use, operation at room temperature and low cost. Only a magnetic sensor with tunnel magnetoresistance devices can satisfy all the demand in principle. As the device has very wide range of the sensing magnetic field, it can be designed for any demand to the sensors.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

For example, this device can sense a bio-magnetic field easily at room temperature, so that it could be replaced SQUID device, which is popular now but is very expensive and not easy to use personally. Therefore, by using this device, we expect we can conduct effective collaborative research in medical field.

Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering
ANDO Yasuo, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of Immunobiotic Evaluation System for Functional Feeds as a Livestock Animal Model

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Pattern recognition receptor (PRR) family plays an important role in the defense through recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns or microorganisms-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs/MAMPs).
Some functional feed materials are thought to regulate intestinal immunity by contact and stimulation of epithelial cells and immunocompetent cells via PRRs in the gastrointestinal tract and induction of cytokine production. In this "new world" of feed immunology, however, much remains unknown about the underlying mechanisms of intestinal immunity because of lack of appropriate intestinal immunoassay system for livestock animals.
We have advanced application of originally established porcine and bovine intestinal epitheliocytes (PIE, BIE) cell lines (see photo) for evaluation of immunobiotics and immunogenics exerting anti-inflammatory responses both in PIE cell monolayer and co-culture system with porcine peyer's patch immune cells as a peyer's patch culture model (see illustration).

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

This evaluation system may also contribute to elucidate immunoregulatory mechanism of immunobiotics and immunogenics mediated by pattern recognition receptors essential to future development of not only immunobiotic feeds but also vaccines using immunobiotics to prevent specific diseases. This can benefit mankind by offering immunobiotic feeds as a safer alternative to conventional antibiotic drug therapy.

Graduate School of Agricultural Science
KITAZAWA Haruki, Professor Doctor of Agriculture

Development of Innovative Green Nanodevices Using Damage-Free Processes

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We developed an entirely new concept of "bio-template ultimate process technology" and realized fabrication of uniform, size-controllable, defect-free, high-density and regularly-distributed quantum dot array on surface of arbitrary material. The quantum dot array can be applied to high efficiency and inexpensive quantum dot solar cells, high luminescence quantum dot lasers, high-speed graphene / germanium transistors, and so on, i.e., energy-generating, energy-storing, and low-energy-consumption devices.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We can accept collaborative researches on nanodevices such as quantum dot solar cells or lasers, low-energy-consumption devices such as graphene transistor and germanium transistor, and fundamental technologies such as plasma/beam processes, thin film deposition, doping, and surface treatment.

Green Nanotechnology Laboratory, Innovative Energy Research Center, Institute of Fluid Science
SAMUKAWA Seiji, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of integrated safety management technology for hydrogen energy systems

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To investigate the diffusion and combustion phenomena of reactive hydrogen gas leakage when a high-pressure hydrogen tank fails due to crack propagation caused by an initial defect, we have developed a coupled analysis method that simultaneously analyzes the material structure and reactive turbulent multiphase flow through an interdisciplinary research approach. Furthermore, we have developed a new numerical prediction method related to the diffusion flow characteristics and combustion limits of hydrogen leaking due to crack propagation failure of high-pressure tank bulkheads.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We contribute to the design of hydrogen storage containers for various types of transportation equipment and the development of safety guidelines and risk management for hydrogen station configurations.

Institute of Fluid Science
ISHIMOTO Jun, Professor Ph.D

Development of Intelligent Molecules for the Regulation of Gene Expression in Cells

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The artificial control of gene expression by synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) has been the subject of considerable interest. In particular, ODNs conjugated with a cross-linking agent have been expected to enhance the inhibitory effect. Recently, microRNAs (miRNA) endogenously expressed small regulatory non-coding RNAs, are recognized as playing a critical role in regulating gene expression and the great concerns have been raised about efficient antisense oligonucleotides against miRNAs. We have already demonstrated that ODNs bearing a 2-amino-6-vinylpurine (2-AVP) derivative exhibited efficient interstrand cross-linking to cytosine selectively. The unique structural features of AVP are to possess both the hydrogen bond donor-acceptor sites as recognition sites and the vinyl group as a reactive moiety in a single molecule. Recently, we have developed of the novel cross-linking agents, which are designed based on the unique structure of AVP. These derivatives can react to thymine at the complementary site with highly selective and efficient under neutral conditions. We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
NAGATSUGI Fumi, Professor PHD

Development of Interconnect Materials and Processes for High Performance and High Reliability Electric Devices

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Electronic products can be operated not only by semiconductors but also by metal interconnections attached to the semiconductors. Required properties for the metal interconnections are ohmic contact, diffusion barrier property, adhesion with semiconductors, and low resistivity, corrosion resistance, process reliability. Our group has committed ourselves to develop new metals and processes to meet the needs of wide-ranged device producers with consideration of cost performance. Topics of our research include (1) Cu alloys to self-form a diffusion barrier layer in multilayer interconnection of Si devices, (2) Cu alloys to form a reaction-doping layer in IGZO oxide semiconductors, (3) Nb alloys to achieve mechanical and thermal reliability with good ohmic property for SiC power devices, (4) Cu alloys for transparent conductive oxide such as ITO, (5) screen-printable Cu paste lines for solar cells, etc..

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our research efforts are targeted at metallization and interconnections for advanced LSI, flat panel displays, touch panels, power modules, solar cells, and other electronic devices. Collaborators include material producers, equipment vendors, and device producers in the entire value chain of electronic products.

Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering
KOIKE Junichi, Professor PhD

Development of McH-lpr/lpr-RA1 mouse, a study model that spontaneously develops severe autoimmune arthritis, vasculitis, and sialadenitis

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McH/lpr-RA1 mice are recombinant congenic mice descended from MRL/lpr and C3H/lpr mice and develop arthritis, vasculitis, and sialadenitis with high frequency and severity, with severe pannus formation similar to rheumatoid arthritis, polyarteritis nodosa, and Sjogren's syndrome. On the other hand, McH/lpr-RA1 mice do not develop systemic lymphadenopathy and severe nephritis as seen in MRL/lpr mice, so they are easy to breed and maintain and can be used for long-term drug administration experiments.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Development of diagnostic and therapeutic agents for collagen diseases. It can be applied to the elucidation of the mechanism of onset of immunological adverse events caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors and the development of drugs to prevent the onset of such events, etc. Industry-academia collaboration with pharmaceutical companies, test reagent companies, etc. is possible.

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
KODAMA Tetsuya, Professor PhD (Engineering), PhD (Medicine)

Development of Miniature and Highly-Functional Photonic Devices Using Ultrafine Microstructures

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In our laboratory, miniature and highly-functional photonic devices based on new optical phenomena caused by the interaction of ultrafine microstructures with light have been studied. In addition, development of new production technology to overcome the problems that have been obvious from the practical application viewpoint of nanophotonic devices has been performed.

  • -Main research topics--
MEMS tunable metamaterials for optical control.
Structural color filters using subwavelength gratings for the applications of display and spectroscopic analyzers.
Surface-smoothing technology using surface self-diffusion.
Study of low loss silicon nanophotonic devices.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We aim to realize optical filters, optical resonators, and color filters, by using above technologies. Also, development of nano-photonic elements fabricated by a nanoimprint technology has been progressed.
We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Graduate School of Engineering
KANAMORI Yoshiaki, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of Nano-Interface Chemistry for Materials Sciences Using Surface Forces Measurement

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Our research aims at developing methods, including instrumentation, for characterizing surface (or interface) at the nano-meter level. Most of our research subjects are related to the surface forces measurement, which can directly monitor the interaction between two surfaces. We study phenomena occurring at the solid-liquid interface such as adsorption and structuring of liquids. We have developed the resonance shear measurement which is a sensitive method for evaluating properties of confined liquid for nano-rheology and tribology. Twin-path surface forces apparatus we developed enabled us to study wide variety of samples such as metals, ceramics and plastics.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

These methods are applicable for characterizing lubricants, nano-materials, paints, sealants, and cosmetics. We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
KURIHARA Kazue, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Development of Nano-Medical-Agricultural Applied Technology Using Ion-Controlled Plasma

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Since we have developed the techniques (ion control plasma) to generate and control ions, electrons, reactive species (radicals) in the low temperature non-equilibrium plasmas which I can touch by hand, the composite materials using nanoparticles, nanocarbons, biological molecules are synthesized in the nano-electronics field, the minimally-invasive and highly-efficient drug/gene transfection systems are developed in the medical field, and bacteria and insects are killed by the plasma in place of pesticide in the agricultural field.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

The ion-controlled plasmas are applied for the minimally-invasive gene transfection system, next-generation agricultural system, the electrode material of highly-efficient battery, and so on. We hope to conduct the collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of the novel plasma nano-medical-agricultural applied technology in industry.

Department of Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering
KANEKO Toshiro, Professor PhD

Development of New Drugs and Devices Regulating Inter-Organ Neural Network for Obesity Therapy

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Obesity induced the metabolic syndrome, which causes cardiovascular diseases. Obesity has now become a major health concern not only in developed countries but developing countries. However, diet and exercise are still major therapies. We discovered endogenous systems maintaining homeostasis of energy metabolism and revealed several neuronal networks among organs to be responsible for the regulation systems.
1) Afferent neuronal signals from adipose tissue regulate appetite and prevent over-eating during obesity development (Cell Metab 2006)
2) Neuronal network from the liver enhances basal metabolic rates to prevent obesity development when energy store is increasing (Science 2006) 3) Neuronal network from the liver suppresses adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (Cell Metab 2012).

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

On the basis of these original discoveries, we are aiming at developing new drugs and/or building devices which regulate the inter-organ neuronal networks and hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application to obesity therapy.

Center for Metabolic Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine
KATAGIRI Hideki, Professor MD, PhD

Development of New Reactions Using Organocatalyst

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Organocatalyst is a synthetically useful catalyst in synthetic organic chemistry, because of the several merits. We have been investigating the development of new and efficient organocatalysts derived from proline. We have already reported the diphenylprolinol silyl ether, which is called as a Jorgensen-Hayashi catalyst, and siloxyproline, which is effective in the presence of water. We have also developed several practical asymmetric catalytic reactions based on the organocatalysts. We also applied these reactions to the total synthesis of natural products and drugs. We have already synthesized Tamiflu in one-pot reaction, and prostaglandin E1 methyl ester via three one-pot procedure.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our newly developed reactions using organocatalysis can be widely used for synthesis of medicines, agrichemicals, and chemical products.

Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science
HAYASHI Yujiro, Professor Doctor of Science