"M" Researcher - 37 Result(s)

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Exercising "Cultured" Myotubes!

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特徴・独自性
  • We succeeded in generating highly developed cultured C2C12 myotubes by manipulating intracellular Ca2+ transients with electric pulse stimulation (EPS), that are endowed with similar properties to in vivo skeletal muscle in terms of (1) excitation-induced contractile activity as a result of de novo sarcomere formation, (2) higher energy expenditure (as assessed by AMPK activation), and (3) improved insulin responsiveness (as assessed by exofacial myc-GLUT4 translocation assay).
実用化イメージ

Taking advantage of our “in vitro Exercise Model", our innovation will be an excellent alternative for the animal experimentation that can be applicable for a wide array of skeletal muscle research including drug screen.

Researchers

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering

Makoto Kanzaki

Electrical Spin Generation and Manipulation in Semiconductors

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特徴・独自性
  • Since spin orbit interactions caused by the structural inversion asymmetry and the bulk inversion asymmetry induce an effective magnetic field in III-Vsemiconductor heterostructures, it is possible to realize the new functional devices based on the electrical control of the spin precession. We study the electrical spin generation by using spatial modulation of spin orbit interaction, which demonstrates Stern-Gerlach spin filter in semiconductors, and research ultra-fast spin dynamics by using time resolved Kerr rotation microscopy. We also investigate a spin MOSFET based on the perpendicular magnetic materials and electric-field induced magnetization control. We can reduce the leak current and the signal delay in the logic circuit. With the non-volatility of the ferromagnetic source and drain electrodes, random access memory is also enabled by using the spin MOSFET structure.
実用化イメージ

Target application will be low power logic devices and non-volatile memory based on electron spins and also future metal-based spintronic devices.

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Makoto Koda

Biomodel for Development of Endovascular Treatment

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特徴・独自性
  • We perform in-vitro or computational researches for development of medical devices. We develop a model of artery or bone to evaluate medical devices. And we apply optimization way for development of medical devices. Our main target is, currently, stent, or catheter.
実用化イメージ

Our collaboration company can be; medical equipment, device, medical image, MEMS, standardization, medical training, or polymer.

Researchers

Institute of Fluid Science

Makoto Ohta

Advanced Analysis of Socio-Economical Data for Capturing Social Needs

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特徴・独自性
  • We have proposed advanced methods of behavior analysis for public transport service.
  • They include a demand composition based on the automatically mesured traffic data, estimation of true demand partly unrealized by the congestion, and intense usage of geographical data. These methods may be applicable for behavior analysis besides transport service.
実用化イメージ

We welcome cooperative research on demand analysis of public services, as well as needs analysis for new goods and services.

Researchers

International Research Institute of Disaster Science

Makoto Okumura

Application of Nuroimaging Technique to Interface Evaluation

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特徴・独自性
  • Nuclear power plants, chemical plants, ironworks and smelters, aircrafts and others that involve large-scale and complex systems yield many benefits to society and daily life, but a serious accident in such systems may result in dire consequences and significant damage. As long as there is human intervention of any kind, it is difficult to completely avoid human error. In light of this, it is crucial to have the mindset of "to err is human, (to forgive divine)." Takahashi Laboratory advocates the improvement of safety based on the harmonization of humans, machines and the environment. The object of our research is the human. Incorporating neuroscience approach and knowledge, we probe into human cognitive and behavioral traits and reflect our findings back into our research with the cooperation of this university's Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer as well as practicing specialists and technical experts. Through our broad vision, flexible mindset and creativity, we pioneer interfaces between humans and systems where safety is ingrained.
実用化イメージ

The core of our research is the examination and understanding of the human factor to be taken into account for the safe and efficient operation of large scale, complex systems, and we are involved in the research of a wide array of subjects not limited to nuclear energy systems but air traffic control operations, man-machine interfaces, cyber security, standardization of rules among others.

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Makoto Takahashi

Study on Tactile/Touch Feeling Sensor

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特徴・独自性
  • Tactile sense and the sense of touch are multiple combinations of fundamental sensations, such as smooth and rough, soft and hard, dry and wet, and hot and cold sensations. These sensations are described with the information on force, distortion, temperature, stickiness and oscillation.
  • A tactile sensor corresponding to several types of human skin sensory receptors and an active tactile sensor system that is an integrated sensor structure imitating human haptic motions have been developed. These sensor systems allowed measurement of "Kansei" words that are extremely vague tactile feelings, and roughness, softness and temperature sensations. However, tactile sense or the sense of touch also includes other sensations and combinations of them. Therefore, to develop a sensor, it is important to define how the sensations and physical information relating to the sensations are obtained and what relationships exist between them.
  • In this research, the relationships between sensations, including fundamental sensations that have already been obtained and other sensations, and the relevant physical information are being investigated. Additionally, on the basis of the knowledge through the investigation, an advanced sensor system that allows obtaining haptic information is being developed.
実用化イメージ

The research is beneficial not only to life science but also to manufacturing fields.

Researchers

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering

Mami Tanaka

Functional and Molecular Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

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特徴・独自性
  • Using positron emission tomography (PET), we can measure the regional metabolism, perfusion and signal transmission between neurotransmitters and receptors in various organ systems of living humans and animals, such as the brain and heart. Recent technical developments have shown that the mind, or at least some parts of it, can be demonstrated by "imaging".
実用化イメージ

Our group has had considerable achievements in clinical research on drug effects and side effects, elucidation of underlying mechanism of alternative and complementary therapies, as well as exercise physiology.

Researchers

Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center

Manabu Tashiro

Induction of Schwann cells from human mesenchymal stem cells and their application to spinal cord injury and demyelinating diseases

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特徴・独自性
  • Bone marrow stromal cells have great advantages since they are already applied to patients either by auto- or allo-transplantations, can be harvested in large numbers (10 million cells within several weeks) as adherent cells from bone marrow aspirates, and are with low risk of tumorigenesis. Furthermore, marrow bank is available. Likewise, mesenchymal cells harvested from umbilical cord are also easily accessible from cord bank and are a good source of mesenchymal stem cells. We have established a system to induce functional Schwann cells (peripheral glia) from human bone marrow stromal cells and umbilical cord mesenchymal cells by treating cells with a series of reagents and cytokines. This induction system successfully generates Schwann cells with very high efficiency (~97%). They were confirmed to elicit neural regeneration in peripheral nerve damages and spinal cord injury (Eur, J. Neurosci, 2001; J. Neurosurg, 2004, J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol, 2005, Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2007; Tissue Eng., 2011). The efficiency and safety of induced Schwann cells were demonstrated in monkey by 1 year follow up (Exp. Neurol., 2010). Importantly, induced cells not only elicited neural regeneration in both peripheral and central nervous system, but also contributed to functional recovery by restoring myelin and saltatory conduction. Therefore, these cells are expected to be effective to demyelinating diseases as well. We hope to collaborate with companies and research groups who are willing to utilize our system.
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Graduate School of Medicine

Mari Dezawa

Induction of skeletal muscle cells from human mesenchymal stem cells and their application to muscle degeneration

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特徴・独自性
  • Bone marrow stromal cells have great advantages since they are already applied to patients either by auto- or allo-transplantations, can be harvested in large numbers (10 million cells within several weeks) as adherent cells from bone marrow aspirates, and are with low risk of tumorigenesis. We have established a system to induce skeletal muscle cells from human bone marrow stromal cells by treating cells with cytokines followed by Notch intracellular domain gene plasmid introduction. This induction system successfully generates skeletal muscle lineage cells comprised of muscle stem cells, namely, satellite cells, as well as myoblasts and myotubes. Transplantation of satellite cells and myoblasts were effective for muscle regeneration (Science, 2005). Importantly, induced satellite cells integrated into satellite cell location and continuously contributed to muscle regeneration. Our research team is now pursuing the safety and efficiency of these induced cells by using canine muscle degeneration models. We hope to collaborate with companies and research groups who are willing to utilize our system.
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Graduate School of Medicine

Mari Dezawa

Induction of Neural Cells from Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells and their Application to Neurodegenerations

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特徴・独自性
  • Bone marrow stromal cells have great advantages since they are already applied to patients either by auto- or allo-transplantations, can be harvested in large numbers (10 million cells within several weeks) as adherent cells from bone marrow aspirates, and are with low risk of tumorigenesis. We have established a system to induce neural precursor cells from human bone marrow stromal cells by introducing cells with Notch intracellular domain gene plasmid followed by culturing in neurosphere method. This induction system successfully generates neural precursors which were effective for stroke (J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. , 2005; J Cereb Blood Flow Metab, 2009). They could be further developed into dopamine producing neurons by treating them with cytokines including GDNF (J. Clin. Invest, 2004). The efficiency and safety of induced dopamine neurons were confirmed by rat and monkey model of Parkinson's disease. Importantly, long-term survival of auto-transplanted induced dopamine neurons were verified by 11C-CFT PET scan (J. Clin. Invest, 2013).
実用化イメージ

We hope to collaborate with companies and research groups who are willing to utilize our system.

Researchers

Graduate School of Medicine

Mari Dezawa

Establishment of Minimally Invasive Cell Therapy for Diabetes by Introducing Interdisciplinary Approach

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特徴・独自性
  • The islet transplantation is the ideal "minimum invasive" cell transplant therapy for the severe diabetic patients who are suffering with controlling the blood glucose levels. In this project, we try to have a cross organization among the advanced technologies in islet transplantation as one of the typical cases. Our chief objective is to construct the center of medical cell-engineering therapy as successful examples in Tohoku University. We are convinced that technical innovation through this project could contribute much more to the activation of medical industry based upon cell therapy.
実用化イメージ

We have already established effective academic-industrial alliances regarding our several projects including a development of new type of cell-isolation enzyme. However, we are still looking for possible candidates concerning a special device for cell transplantation and medical grade-pathogen free animals.

Researchers

Graduate School of Medicine

Masafumi Goto

Theoretical Design of New Materials and Device Functionality based on First-principles Calculations

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特徴・独自性
  • We are doing theoretical research on electrical conductivity in magnetoresistive devices using highly spin-polarized materials. The aim is to achieve very functional spintronics devices such as read-out heads for ultrahigh-density magnetic recording and non-volatile spin memories. We also investigate magnetoresistive devices using perpendicularly magnetized materials to ensure endurance against thermal fluctuations of the magnetization. We successfully achieve a guideline for improvement of the magnetoresistive performance by designing the crystal structure at the interface between ferromagnets and oxides theoretically.
  • We believe that first-principles calculations, which need no empirical parameter, play a very important role in research and development of various materials. Please contact us if you want to collaborate with us.
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Research Institute of Electrical Communication

Masafumi Shirai

Visualization of Electron Motion in Matter by Means of Electron Compton Scattering

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特徴・独自性
  • Properties of matter, such as reactivity and functionality, are determined by the motion of the constituent electrons. For this reason we aim at developing new spectroscopic methods, by using electron Compton scattering, that would visualize the electron motion for stable species and most importantly the change of electron motion in transient species, which is the driving force behind any chemical reactions;
  • (1) development of molecular frame electron momentum spectroscopy for momentum-space imaging of molecular orbitals in the three-dimensional form,
  • (2) developments of multiparameter coincidence techniques for studies on stereo-dynamics in electron-molecule collisions,
  • (3) development of time-resolved electron momentum spectroscopy for visualization of the change of electron motion in transient species.
  • We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry, and we are also prepared to provide academic consultations to companies interested in our research.
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials

Masahiko Takahashi

Development of preventive medicine for aortic aneurysm and dissection of Marfan syndrome

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特徴・独自性
  • Marfan’s syndrome (MF) is a severe, systemic disorder of connective tissue formation. A variety of MFS therapies have been developed, including surgical therapy for aortic root aneurysm and dissection (AAD) that are life-threatening, traditional medical therapies such as β-adrenergic receptor or angiotensin II receptor blockers for slow aortic growth and to decrease the risk of AAD. However these treatments did not prevent tissue destruction in the AAD of MF. To develop preventive strategy for AAD, it will be necessary to identify molecular mechanisms of microfibril formation and an appropriate fibrillin-1 microfibril associated molecule. Recently, ADAMTSL6β, which is a microfibril-associated extracellular matrix protein contributes the regeneration of microfibril by promoting fibrillin-microfibril assembly. We try to develop ADAMTSL6β as a preventive medicine for AAD of MF by regeneration of fibrillin-1 microfibril assembly.
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Graduate School of Dentistry

Masahiro Saito

Advanced Molecular Transformations by Organocatalysts

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特徴・独自性
  • The development of organic molecules which function as a catalyst has been extensively investigated to achieve selective and efficient transformation of organic molecules. Brønsted acids and bases are commonly employed as the catalyst in synthetic organic chemistry. To aim at their functionalization, axially chiral phosphoric acids and axially chiral guanidine bases have been developed as chiral Brønsted acid and base catalysts, respectively. A variety of optically active compounds has been synthesized through the development of highly stereoselective reactions using these catalysts.
実用化イメージ

The development of chiral Brønsted acid and base catalysts has been accomplished as recoverable and reusable organocatalysts and highly stereoselective molecular transformations have been established using these catalysts. The present methodology is applicable to process chemistry in preparing medicines and relevant compounds on the basis of the selective and efficient molecular transformations thus developed with reduction of the waste material.

Researchers

Graduate School of Science

Masahiro Terada

Nano-Scale Total-Analysis Based on TEM

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特徴・独自性
  • Our lab develops accurate nanometer scale characterization methods of crystal structures by convergent-beam electron diffraction (<strong>CBED</strong>) and electronic structures by electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and soft-X-ray emission spectroscopy (<strong>SXES</strong>) for evaluating new functional materials. For performing crystal structure studies, we developed a new Ω-filter electron microscope and a refinement soft-ware, which can perform not only atom positions but also electrostatic potential and charge distributions. For electronic structure studies, a high-resolution EELS microscope and SXES instruments were developed.
実用化イメージ

Collaborated research of Local structures (symmetry, polarity, lattice defects) by CBED and electronic structures (bandgap, dielectric property and chemical state) by EELS and SXES on semiconductors, metals and dielectric materials are acceptable. Instructions of those analysis methods are also acceptable.

Researchers

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials

Masami Terauchi

Blockchain-based Approachs for High Secure P2P-type Decentralized Cloud Storage and Practical Smart Contract for Trading Personal Data

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特徴・独自性
  • We are developing a decentralized P2P (Peer to Peer) type cloud storage that realizes innovative level of security by use of surplus storages of P2P nodes with the Blockchain technology. The developed storage can avoid the risk of large-scale information leakage of stored data due to the weakness of the central server. By using our cryptographic currency for rewards and usage fees in the storage, fair storage usage of all users can also be achieved.
  • In addition, We are developing a unique smart contract technology for practical decentralized trading of personal data among an unspecified number of users.
実用化イメージ

We hope to conduct collaborative researches with companies developing Bitcoin 2.0 type application (e.g. smart contract, Fintech) based on the Blockchain technology, the Internet of Things (IoT) technology, Medical Database for practical use.

Researchers

Center for Data-driven Science and Artificial Intelligence

Masao Sakai

Improvement of Seed Production by Using Reproductive Trait in Crops, Especially, Rice and Cruciferous Crops

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概要

The recent spate of extreme weather events is threatening to reduce crop seed and fruit production. We have identified a catalog of genes that respond under low and high temperature stress, and will construct a system that enables production under temperature stress through genome editing and other methods.

従来技術との比較

In addition to conventionally used genetic recombination methods, genome editing technology has made it possible to modify genes that can be used for practical purposes.

特徴・独自性
  • Crops are important for food, environment recovery, energy production, and amenity activity for human being. For improvement of crop seed production, the breeding of crops having environmental stress, is important. Especially the developmental stage from pollination to fertilization is quite weak for these environmental stresses. Thus, by breeding of reproductive trait, we will establish the high productivity and quality of crop seeds. From our research, we found several stress-tolerant genes. We already started the research by both basic and applied level.
実用化イメージ

For application, we evaluated by taking prize for application in 2001. And our basic data has been published in international Journal, "Nature" and "Science". If anyone is interested in these genes, we hope to conduct to collaborative research for establishing the useful breeding lines.

Researchers

Graduate School of Life Sciences

Masao Watanabe

Photo-Functional Advanced Materials for Nanofabrication by Nanoimprint Lithography

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特徴・独自性
  • Nakagawa group has dedicated to pursue scientific principles for molecular control of interface function occurring at polymer/other material interfaces and to put them into practice in nanoimprint lithography promising as a next generation nanofabrication tool. We are developing advanced photo-functional materials such as sticking molecular layers for "fix by light", UV-curable resins and antisticking molecular layers for "preparation by light", fluorescent resist materials for "inspection by light", and hybrid optical materials "available to light" and new research tools such as mechanical measurement systems to evaluate release property of UV-curable resins.
実用化イメージ

Our research aims at creating new devices to control photon, electron, and magnetism.

Researchers

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials

Masaru Nakagawa

newIndentation modulus 8.4 GPa! Resin replica mold more solid than polyimide

概要

Light curing high strength resin mold
https://www.t-technoarch.co.jp/data/anken_en/T11-053.pdf

特徴・独自性
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials

Masaru Nakagawa

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