"C" Keywords - 121 Result(s)

 C

[Computer Architectures]

High Performance Computer Architectures and their Applications

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特徴・独自性
  • My research interests include the design and development of high-performance supercomputing systems and their applications. Targeted areas range from the key components of supercomputing systems, which include processor architectures, memory subsystems, network systems, task schedulers, and compilers, to high-performance multimedia processing algorithms such as photo-realistic computer graphics.
実用化イメージ

Currently I am conducting joint-research projects with several companies in the fields of high-performance computer architecture design and advanced simulation technologies for industrial design such as next-generation supercomputers and highly efficient and comfortable regional jets.

Researchers

Graduate School of Information Sciences

Hiroaki Kobayashi

[Computer Vision]

Visual Computing with Secure ICT in the Big Data Era

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特徴・独自性
  • Our study focuses on sensing, processing, recognition, understanding, and analysis of enormous visual data collected in real-world environments. We have invented a set of advanced techniques of sub-pixel image analysis using phase-based image matching. Potential applications include personal recognition using various biometric traits (e.g., face, fingerprint, palm print, finger knuckle print, iris, and medical radiographs), machine vision, multi-view 3D reconstruction, image database search, and medical image computing. We are also studying fundamental techniques for building secure ICT infrastructure for the big data era; our research interests include tamper-resistant cryptographic processing and biometrics-based secure remote authentication.
実用化イメージ

We can provide collaboration and information exchange services for industries and other research organizations in the fields of image processing, computer vision, information security, biometrics, LSI design, and embedded system technologies. Many researchers and engineers from various companies, universities, and research institutions have visited our laboratory regardless of their technology fields. Our staff at the Intelligent Information System (IIS) Research Center will welcome potential collaborators: info@iisrc.ecei.tohoku.ac.jp

Researchers

Administrative Staff

Takafumi Aoki

[concrete 3D printing]

[Concurrent Process Calculus]

Programming Language Theory and Computation Models

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特徴・独自性
  • Our laboratory conducts leading research on programming language theory and high-level computation models. In particular, we focus on research and application of (general proof methods for) program equivalence, functional programing, and type systems (also known as lightweight formal methods), which are attracting revived interests in recent years. Our Japanese translation of "Types and Programming Languages" (Benjamin C. Pierce, University of Pennsylvania)---compiled in cooperation with engineers from top-level electronics and software companies in Japan---has become the 42nd bestseller (rather exceptional as an academic Publications) among new books in Amazon.co.jp. For more information, please see the Web page: http://www.kb.ecei.tohoku.ac.jp/~sumii
実用化イメージ

Our technology can be used for design and development of software artifacts, especially programming languages and tools including DSL (domain specific languages), as well as application of functional programming, type systems, or formal methods.

Researchers

Graduate School of Information Sciences

Eijiro Sumii

[Confined Liquids]

Development of Nano-Interface Chemistry for Materials Sciences Using Surface Forces Measurement

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特徴・独自性
  • Our research aims at developing methods, including instrumentation, for characterizing surface (or interface) at the nano-meter level. Most of our research subjects are related to the surface forces measurement, which can directly monitor the interaction between two surfaces. We study phenomena occurring at the solid-liquid interface such as adsorption and structuring of liquids. We have developed the resonance shear measurement which is a sensitive method for evaluating properties of confined liquid for nano-rheology and tribology. Twin-path surface forces apparatus we developed enabled us to study wide variety of samples such as metals, ceramics and plastics.
実用化イメージ

These methods are applicable for characterizing lubricants, nano-materials, paints, sealants, and cosmetics. We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Researchers

New Industry Creation Hatchery Center

Kazue Kurihara

[Conjugated cholesterol metabolites]

Discovery of diagnostic markers by metabolomics

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特徴・独自性
  • Losing cholesterol homeostasis with inborn errors of metabolisms or hepatobiliary diseases makes a change to in vivo cholesterol metabolism profile and causes the emergence of increased metabolites as conjugates in blood and urine. We have developed an LC/ESI-MS/MS method using fragment patterns characteristic of conjugation types for group-specific and comprehensive analysis of conjugated cholesterol metabolites. This method can contribute for an efficient discovery of diagnostic marker candidates toward various diseases.
実用化イメージ

After availability verification of candidates as diagnostic markers, it will be required screening tests. We have potential to collaborate with company for development of bioassay systems using antibodies or enzymes.

Researchers

Tohoku University Hospital

Nariyasu Mano

[Connective tissue disease]

Development of preventive medicine for aortic aneurysm and dissection of Marfan syndrome

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特徴・独自性
  • Marfan’s syndrome (MF) is a severe, systemic disorder of connective tissue formation. A variety of MFS therapies have been developed, including surgical therapy for aortic root aneurysm and dissection (AAD) that are life-threatening, traditional medical therapies such as β-adrenergic receptor or angiotensin II receptor blockers for slow aortic growth and to decrease the risk of AAD. However these treatments did not prevent tissue destruction in the AAD of MF. To develop preventive strategy for AAD, it will be necessary to identify molecular mechanisms of microfibril formation and an appropriate fibrillin-1 microfibril associated molecule. Recently, ADAMTSL6β, which is a microfibril-associated extracellular matrix protein contributes the regeneration of microfibril by promoting fibrillin-microfibril assembly. We try to develop ADAMTSL6β as a preventive medicine for AAD of MF by regeneration of fibrillin-1 microfibril assembly.
実用化イメージ

Researchers

Graduate School of Dentistry

Masahiro Saito

[Contactless Power Transmission]

Development of an Industrial Instrument / the Medical Equipment Using the Contactless Power Transmission System

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特徴・独自性
  • Using a non-contact power transmission technique, we develop an industrial instrument and the medical equipment. In the industrial instrument, we deal with the wide non-contact electricity transmission of the dozens of kW class from mW class from a small size electric apparatus represented by a cell-phone to the factory carrier device. In addition, we develop the contactless electricity transmission to an artificial heart (TETS) and a functional electrical stimulator (FES) aiming at the exercise of limbs inconvenience person function rebuilding mainly in the medical equipment.
実用化イメージ

We develop soft-heating hyperthermia using the small implantation element which does not need an internal temperature measurement as cancer treatment.

Researchers

International Research Institute of Disaster Science

Hidetoshi Matsuki

[Content Distribution]

Internet video streams have identities like fingerprints

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特徴・独自性
  • According to recent studies, each video that is streamed online has its own unique characteristic. The pattern of data that are sent through the network can vary from one encoding method to another and the change from scene to scene, which is a unique characteristic of each video. This research aims to identify video content in the network without looking at the data itself.
実用化イメージ

This research would be especially useful in preventing illegal distribution of television program such as illegal channel without violating user privacy. Another application would be to prevent confidential online meeting from leaking outside local enterprise network. In addition, it is also possible to investigate the circulation of a video content using method introduced by this work.

Researchers

Graduate School of Information Sciences

Nei Kato

[continuous productin ]

A Novel Process for Continuous Production of High Quality Biodiesel with Ion-Exchange Resin Catalysts

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特徴・独自性
  • We successfully developed a continuous production process for high-quality biodiesel. This production technology is very simple, just passing through the reactors packed with ion-exchange resins without complicated upstream and downstream processes, which provide additional production cost and environmental stress and the entire process is fully automatic. With this technology, you can easily produce high-quality biodiesel from various cheaper oils with fatty acid content up to 100%.
実用化イメージ

This innovative technology succeeds in solving the serious problems in the current biodiesel production, restriction by shortage of feedstock supply and the unstable quality of biodiesel due to the soap formation. This technology also applies to the production of fatty acid methyl ester, a starting material for surfactant production, which is an important intermediate step in oleochemistry.

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Naomi Kitakawa

[Control of Large Degree-of-Freedom System]

Understanding Biological Control Systems and its Application to Development of Life-Like Resilient Systems

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特徴・独自性
  • In contrast to artificial systems, living organisms exhibit astoundingly adaptive and resilient properties. One of the central research goals in our laboratory is to endow artificial systems with similar properties. To this end, we are particularly focusing on the concept of autonomous decentralized control. We have so far successfully developed various types of robots on the basis of decentralized control, including amoeboid robots, snake-like robots, legged robots etc., in collaboration with mathematicians and biologists.
実用化イメージ

Development of adaptive autonomous robotic system, Control of Large D.O.F. system

Researchers

Research Institute of Electrical Communication

Akio Ishiguro

[Convergent-beam electron diffraction]

Nano-Scale Total-Analysis Based on TEM

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特徴・独自性
  • Our lab develops accurate nanometer scale characterization methods of crystal structures by convergent-beam electron diffraction (<strong>CBED</strong>) and electronic structures by electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and soft-X-ray emission spectroscopy (<strong>SXES</strong>) for evaluating new functional materials. For performing crystal structure studies, we developed a new Ω-filter electron microscope and a refinement soft-ware, which can perform not only atom positions but also electrostatic potential and charge distributions. For electronic structure studies, a high-resolution EELS microscope and SXES instruments were developed.
実用化イメージ

Collaborated research of Local structures (symmetry, polarity, lattice defects) by CBED and electronic structures (bandgap, dielectric property and chemical state) by EELS and SXES on semiconductors, metals and dielectric materials are acceptable. Instructions of those analysis methods are also acceptable.

Researchers

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials

Masami Terauchi

[corporate social responsibility]

Business Administration and Corporate Social Responsibility

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特徴・独自性
  • My research areas are primarily business ethics, nonprofit organization (NPO) and business and society. I have explored these fields in epistemological, ethical, or managerial approaches from various theoretical points of view. Some of themes that I study now are on how companies should recognize ethical issues on a cognitive formed framework or how companies should create a dialogue between the company and stakeholders (consumers and employees, etc.) through PL (product liability) or labor litigation process.
実用化イメージ

I have also experiences in engaging with a domestic manufacturer in developing their PL cases and training programs as well as stating third-party opinions in CSR reports issued by a local power company. I am willing to give you any knowledge of these areas.

Researchers

Graduate School of Economics and Management

Yasunari Takaura

[corrosion]

Suppression of Intergranular Degradation of Polycrystalline Materials by Grain Boundary Engineering

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特徴・独自性
  • Intergranular degradation often results in decreased lifetime, reliability and economical efficiency of polycrystalline materials. In spite of persistent efforts to prevent such degradation, its complete suppression has not yet been achieved. Grain boundary studies have revealed that coincidence-site-lattice (CSL) boundaries have stronger resistance to intergranular degradations than random boundaries. The concept of ‘grain boundary design and control' has been refined as grain boundary engineering (GBE). GBEed materials which are characterized by high frequencies of CSL boundaries are resistant to intergranular degradations. Our group has achieved very high frequencies of CSL boundaries in commercial stainless steels by GBE. GBEed stainless steels showed significantly stronger resistance to intergranular corrosion (see Figs. 1 and 2), weld-decay, knife-line attack, stress corrosion cracking, liquid-metal embrittlement, radiation damage, etc. and much longer creep life (see Fig. 3) than the unGBEed ones.
実用化イメージ

By using this GBE processing, we expect to conduct effective collaborative research in related fields.

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Yutaka Sato

Chemical imaging devices which operate in severe environments

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特徴・独自性
  • We developed both pH and Cl- imaging plates, which can visualize the pH and Cl- concentration on metal surfaces in acidic environments. The pH range is from 3.0 to 0.5, and Cl- concentration up to 4 M can be measured. Fluorescent dyes are successively used for pH and Cl- imaging in the field of biology, but their sensitivity tends to be insufficient in acidic and/or highly concentrated chloride solutions. A glass plate with a sol-gel sensing layer, which contains a pH indicator or a Cl- sensitive florescent dye was fabricated and validated using the solutions with various pH values and Cl- concentrations. Changes in the pH and Cl- distribution on stainless surface in an acidic environment were measured quantitatively.
実用化イメージ

The newly developed imaging plates can be used to investigate the mechanism of various chemical reactions, such as corrosion, which occurs in an acidic environment. Micro-flow imaging using our sensing technique will be a promising approach to understand the catalytic chemistry of metal surfaces.
強調

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Izumi Muto

Hydrogen embrittlement of high strength steels

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特徴・独自性
  • We are studying hydrogen embrittlement property of high strength steels from the aspects of both the effect of hydrogen on mechanical properties of high strength steels and hydrogen uptake behavior in corrosive environments. The topics of our study includes clarification of mechanism of hydrogen embrittlement of various steels, investigation of hydrogen entry caused by corrosion using electrochemical techniques, hydrogen visualization, proposing evaluation methods for hydrogen embrittlement property and so forth.
実用化イメージ

Collaborative research in the field of hydrogen embrittlement, for example, hydrogen embrittlement properties of high strength steels and the effects of metallographic structure and hydrogen traps, proposal of evaluation methods for hydrogen embrittlement property for some specific steel and for parts with specific shape, development of novel hydrogen visualization techniques.

Researchers

Institute for Materials Research

Eiji Akiyama

[corrosion resistance]

Novel CoCr-based superelastic metallic biomaterial with low Young's modulus

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特徴・独自性
  • General metallic biomaterials, such as stainless steels and conventional CoCr alloys, show a high Young's modulus ten times higher than that of human bones. This is an unfavored feature because it causes the so-called "stress shielding effect" when they are used as implants. β-type Ti alloys have a relatively lower Young's modulus, but they come with a compromise of low wear resistance. The current novel CoCr-based alloys are a breakthrough; they exhibit both a low Young's modulus similar to human bones and a high wear and corrosion resistance. Moreover, they exhibit superelasticity with a huge recoverable strain over 17%, also showing promise as shape memory alloys.
実用化イメージ

It is the first time that a low Young's modulus, a high corrosion and wear resistance, and a superior superelastic behavior are simultaneously obtained in a single material. The current novel CoCr-based alloys are promising for biomedical applications such as total hip or knee joint replacements, bone plates, spinal fixation devices, and vascular stents.

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Xiao Xu

[cosmetics]

newColorful titanium oxide pigments without transition metals

概要

Colorful TiO2 Particle
https://www.t-technoarch.co.jp/data/anken_en/T19-849.pdf

従来技術との比較

Transition metal compounds are known to exhibit a wide variety of colors. Until now, it has been possible to color white titanium oxide by doping with transition metal ions, but it is difficult to avoid biotoxicity derived from transition metals.

特徴・独自性
  • In the present invention, titanium oxide inorganic pigments that do not contain transition metals and have various colors such as white, yellow, red, gray, green, purple, black, and skin color have been realized.
実用化イメージ

New applications of titanium oxide pigments are expected in the cosmetics field, where biotoxicity is an issue.

Researchers

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials

Yin Shu

[Coupled computing]

Development of integrated safety management technology for hydrogen energy systems

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特徴・独自性
  • To investigate the diffusion and combustion phenomena of reactive hydrogen gas leakage when a high-pressure hydrogen tank fails due to crack propagation caused by an initial defect, we have developed a coupled analysis method that simultaneously analyzes the material structure and reactive turbulent multiphase flow through an interdisciplinary research approach. Furthermore, we have developed a new numerical prediction method related to the diffusion flow characteristics and combustion limits of hydrogen leaking due to crack propagation failure of high-pressure tank bulkheads.
実用化イメージ

We contribute to the design of hydrogen storage containers for various types of transportation equipment and the development of safety guidelines and risk management for hydrogen station configurations.

Researchers

Institute of Fluid Science

Jun Ishimoto

[creep life]

Suppression of Intergranular Degradation of Polycrystalline Materials by Grain Boundary Engineering

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特徴・独自性
  • Intergranular degradation often results in decreased lifetime, reliability and economical efficiency of polycrystalline materials. In spite of persistent efforts to prevent such degradation, its complete suppression has not yet been achieved. Grain boundary studies have revealed that coincidence-site-lattice (CSL) boundaries have stronger resistance to intergranular degradations than random boundaries. The concept of ‘grain boundary design and control' has been refined as grain boundary engineering (GBE). GBEed materials which are characterized by high frequencies of CSL boundaries are resistant to intergranular degradations. Our group has achieved very high frequencies of CSL boundaries in commercial stainless steels by GBE. GBEed stainless steels showed significantly stronger resistance to intergranular corrosion (see Figs. 1 and 2), weld-decay, knife-line attack, stress corrosion cracking, liquid-metal embrittlement, radiation damage, etc. and much longer creep life (see Fig. 3) than the unGBEed ones.
実用化イメージ

By using this GBE processing, we expect to conduct effective collaborative research in related fields.

Researchers

Graduate School of Engineering

Yutaka Sato