Tohoku University. Research Profiles

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"S" Keywords - 167 Result(s)

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[SiC power devices]

Development of Interconnect Materials and Processes for High Performance and High Reliability Electric Devices

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Electronic products can be operated not only by semiconductors but also by metal interconnections attached to the semiconductors. Required properties for the metal interconnections are ohmic contact, diffusion barrier property, adhesion with semiconductors, and low resistivity, corrosion resistance, process reliability. Our group has committed ourselves to develop new metals and processes to meet the needs of wide-ranged device producers with consideration of cost performance. Topics of our research include (1) Cu alloys to self-form a diffusion barrier layer in multilayer interconnection of Si devices, (2) Cu alloys to form a reaction-doping layer in IGZO oxide semiconductors, (3) Nb alloys to achieve mechanical and thermal reliability with good ohmic property for SiC power devices, (4) Cu alloys for transparent conductive oxide such as ITO, (5) screen-printable Cu paste lines for solar cells, etc..

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our research efforts are targeted at metallization and interconnections for advanced LSI, flat panel displays, touch panels, power modules, solar cells, and other electronic devices. Collaborators include material producers, equipment vendors, and device producers in the entire value chain of electronic products.

Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering
KOIKE, Junichi, Professor PhD

[Side-Channel Attack]

Visual Computing with Secure ICT in the Big Data Era

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Our study focuses on sensing, processing, recognition, understanding, and analysis of enormous visual data collected in real-world environments. We have invented a set of advanced techniques of sub-pixel image analysis using phase-based image matching. Potential applications include personal recognition using various biometric traits (e.g., face, fingerprint, palm print, finger knuckle print, iris, and medical radiographs), machine vision, multi-view 3D reconstruction, image database search, and medical image computing. We are also studying fundamental techniques for building secure ICT infrastructure for the big data era; our research interests include tamper-resistant cryptographic processing and biometrics-based secure remote authentication.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We can provide collaboration and information exchange services for industries and other research organizations in the fields of image processing, computer vision, information security, biometrics, LSI design, and embedded system technologies. Many researchers and engineers from various companies, universities, and research institutions have visited our laboratory regardless of their technology fields. Our staff at the Intelligent Information System (IIS) Research Center will welcome potential collaborators: info@iisrc.ecei.tohoku.ac.jp

Graduate School of Information Sciences
AOKI, Takafumi, Professor

[Signal processing]

Study on Tactile/Touch Feeling Sensor

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Tactile sense and the sense of touch are multiple combinations of fundamental sensations, such as smooth and rough, soft and hard, dry and wet, and hot and cold sensations. These sensations are described with the information on force, distortion, temperature, stickiness and oscillation.
A tactile sensor corresponding to several types of human skin sensory receptors and an active tactile sensor system that is an integrated sensor structure imitating human haptic motions have been developed. These sensor systems allowed measurement of "Kansei" words that are extremely vague tactile feelings, and roughness, softness and temperature sensations. However, tactile sense or the sense of touch also includes other sensations and combinations of them. Therefore, to develop a sensor, it is important to define how the sensations and physical information relating to the sensations are obtained and what relationships exist between them.
In this research, the relationships between sensations, including fundamental sensations that have already been obtained and other sensations, and the relevant physical information are being investigated. Additionally, on the basis of the knowledge through the investigation, an advanced sensor system that allows obtaining haptic information is being developed.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

The research is beneficial not only to life science but also to manufacturing fields.

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
TANAKA, Mami, Professor PhD (Engineering)

Digital Signal Processing

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We are researching the following theme based on theoretical optimality and broad basis for digital signal processing.
(1) Image and video signal processing
(2) Image and video restoration
(3) Adaptive digital signal processing
(4) Optimal design of the digital filter
(5) Signal processing theory, linear system theory and circuit network theory
(6) Applications of digital signal processor

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our research can be applied to design and effective realization of optimal signal processing method for communication, measurement, control, and circuit design in various industry fields.

Dept. of Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering
KAWAMATA, Masayuki, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Silicon electrode]

Powder Jet Deposition: PJD

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We have developed a digital powder jet deposition system capable of accurately streaming particles. Using this system we have succeeded in depositing thick ceramic films at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. This technology enables inexpensive production and integration of nano-ceramics at room temperature.
PJD technology has been utilized to generate the world's first successful thick Hydroxyapatite (HAp) film by depositing micro HAp particles on the surface of human teeth (Enamel layer). This method is attracting the world's attention, because it can enable the reconstruction of new tooth dentin, which may fundamentally change the traditional dental treatment technique in the field of preventive dentistry and dental caries.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

PJD technology is highly hopeful to be used to fabricate the silicon anode of Lithium (Li) secondary battery, functional elements of next generation high-response-speed actuator, ultra-high speed optical switch, transparent high-voltage insulating film and so on. Furthermore, PJD technology can also be used to create new functional interface.

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
KURIYAGAWA, Tsunemoto, Professor PhD (Engineering)

[Silicon Neural Probe]

Development of Biomedical Micro/Nano Integrated System Using LSI Technology

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Semiconductor neural engineering is a discipline that uses semiconductor process/device/circuit technologies to further understand properties of neural systems and to create novel fusion systems of living body and machine.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

One of the goals in this laboratory is to establish semiconductor neural engineering and develop biomedical micro/nano integrated systems.
Another goal is to educate the next generation of leaders in biomedical engineering through research including:
1. Intelligent Si neural probe and biomedical signal processing LSI
2. Fully-implantable retinal prosthesis system
3. Bio/nano technology and novel Bio-FET sensor
4. 3-dimensional integration technology and analog/digital LSI design

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
TANAKA, Tetsu, Professor Ph.D. (Engineering)

[Simulation]

Powder Processing Contributing to the Global Environmental Protection

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Material properties and characteristics of the product as a raw material powder are dependent on the particle packing structure as well as the chemical composition. Sophisticated control of the powder processing such as mixing and grinding is strongly required. In our laboratory, we are creating the simulation method as a tool for controlling the powder processing and optimizing the powder process for achieving a resource-saving and energy-saving by the computer simulation.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We are conducting research on analysis/optimization of powder processing such as grinding, mixing, and packing by using simulation, metal recycle from urban mine through active utilization of mechanochemical effect, and generation of energy from biomass.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
KANO, Junya, Professor Doctor of Engineering

High Performance Computer Architectures and their Applications

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My research interests include the design and development of high-performance supercomputing systems and their applications. Targeted areas range from the key components of supercomputing systems, which include processor architectures, memory subsystems, network systems, task schedulers, and compilers, to high-performance multimedia processing algorithms such as photo-realistic computer graphics.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Currently I am conducting joint-research projects with several companies in the fields of high-performance computer architecture design and advanced simulation technologies for industrial design such as next-generation supercomputers and highly efficient and comfortable regional jets.

Graduate School of Information Sciences
KOBAYASHI, Hiroaki, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Sintering]

Microwave Processing of Functional Inorganic Materials

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Microwave processing is one of the attractive fields in recent materials processing. We perform various materials processing using non-equilibrium reaction field induced by microwave and/or ultrasonic irradiation. The topic contains powder metallurgy, nitride coatings, synthesis of new functional materials, fabrication of nanoparticles, etc. Recently we have developed a new TiN coating method using our microwave irradiation equipment operated at a frequency of 2.45 GHz. The method is simple but applicable to various substrates with complex shape. This method can be applied to various nitride coatings and will open a new coating technology in many fields of applications.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

The major targets of TiN coatings are for cutting tools, ball bearings, dental implants, die and mold for stamping, and ornaments. The newly developed method makes it possible to perform nitride coatings within a short time using a standard microwave heating equipment. We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of these technology.

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering
TAKIZAWA, Hirotsugu, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Skeletal Muscle]

Exercising "Cultured" Myotubes!

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We succeeded in generating highly developed cultured C2C12 myotubes by manipulating intracellular Ca2+ transients with electric pulse stimulation (EPS), that are endowed with similar properties to in vivo skeletal muscle in terms of (1) excitation-induced contractile activity as a result of de novo sarcomere formation, (2) higher energy expenditure (as assessed by AMPK activation), and (3) improved insulin responsiveness (as assessed by exofacial myc-GLUT4 translocation assay).

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Taking advantage of our “in vitro Exercise Model", our innovation will be an excellent alternative for the animal experimentation that can be applicable for a wide array of skeletal muscle research including drug screen.

Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
KANZAKI, Makoto, Associate Professor PhD

 s

[silicon carbide]

Low-Temperature Synthesis of SiC Porous Bulk by Using Na

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SiC ceramics is generally prepared at high temperature of 1200–2000ºC. We are able to prepare SiC at around 700ºC by using Na. Nano-powder of beta-type SiC was obtained from a mixture of Si and carbon powders in a Na melt. SiC porous ceramics were synthesized by heating mixtures of Si powder and carbon black at 700–900ºC in Na vapor. Biomorphic cellular SiC ceramics were formed by heating carbonized woods at 700 ºC with a Na-Si melt.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Applications : SiC porous ceramics are used in a wide range of applications, such as filters for gas or molten metal, diesel particle filters, catalysis supports, and light-weight structural materials.
Industry : Ceramic Engineering

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
YAMANE, Hisanori, Professor Doctor of Science

[simultaneous measurement of pressure and velocity]

Understanding and application of thermoacoustic phenomena

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Acoustic oscillations of a gas column in narrow flow channels can lead to various thermal phenomena such as production and amplification of acoustic power from heat and generation of low temperatures. We aim at understanding these thermoacoustic phenomena from experimental point of view, and developing heat engines that can operate without any moving parts like solid pistons.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Acoustic prime mover can use various heat sources like industrial waste heat and sunlight. Acoustic cooler is a Helium-gas based heat pump that needs no Freon gases as a coolant.

Graduate School of Engineering
BIWA, Tetsushi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[sinensetin]

Drug Development for Fundamental Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease

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Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with a large unmet medical need. Recently, our pilot clinical study suggested the possibility that 1-year oral administration of decocted nobiletin-rich Citrus reticulata peel could be of benefit for improving the cognition of patients with AD, with the following pharmacological features: 1) this Kampo medicine includes a large amount of nobiletin that can rescue the memory impairment and prevents hippocampal amyloid beta accumulation in APP-Tg mice, as originally reported by us, and 2) the medicine reversed impaired learning and memory to a greater degree than nobiletin in animal, to which sinensetin, another constituent contributes in large part.
Research plan: We thus try to identify endogenous molecules that can bind selectively to nobiletin and sinensetin in hippocampal neurons, and to further synthesize novel compounds that are capable of more potently improving learning and memory impairment in animals than both natural compounds.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our research goal is discovery of the drugs for fundamental treatment of AD. I hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Department of Pharmacotherapy, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
YAMAKUNI, Tohru, Associate Professor PhD

[single cell analysis]

Biological Application of Scanning Probe Microscope

Features

We have invented a unique method to non-invasively evaluate the quality of individual mammalian embryos based on oxygen consumption. A Pt microelectrode was scanned near the single embryo sample to obtain oxygen concentration profile. Respiration activity of single embryo was estimated based on spherical diffusion theory. Further, it was found that the respiration activities of individual embryos corresponded the developmental potential of the embryos. Independently, we have developed a procedure of mRNA quantification from single-cell based on SPM featuring multi-functional probes. Next, we are going to combine the two methods mentioned above for quality control of mammalian embryos and embryonic stem cells.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our methods will be applied for assisted reprodictive technoloy (ART), pancreatic islet transplantation, or animal breeding.

Graduate School of Engineering
SHIKU, Hitoshi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[size effect]

Physical properties and spin dynamics of nanomagnets and their application to magnetic memory devices

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Rapid progress toward information society has aroused much attention to magnetic memory devices because of their nonvolatility, high data density, low cost, high-speed accessibility. With reducing their constituent size down to 10 nm, various effects, such as surface and quantum size effects and thermal agitation of spins, appear and hamper further advance in device performance. It is indispensable to elucidate various physical properties of nanosized magnets. Under this circumstance, our intensive effort is focused on (1) size effect on crystal phase of magnets, (2) highly sensitive magnetic detection technique, (3) magnetic behavior of single nanomagnets, (4) new SPM lithography, and (5) new media and technology for ultrahigh density recording.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
KITAKAMI, Osamu, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[skin]

Visualization of Biological Microstructure with High Frequency Ultrasound and Photoacoustic Imaging

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"Features"
High-resolution imaging of biological tissue is non-invasively obtained with high frequency ultrasound. We have developed some ultrasound microscope systems which realized the resolution of 15-micron with 100 MHz and resolution to visualize a single cell with GHz range ultrasound. Ultrasonic imaging provides not only tissue morphology but also information on tissue elasticity. Recently, we have developed a real-time three-dimensional photoacoustic imaging system for visualization of subcutaneous micro vasculature and oxygen saturation.
"Targeted Application(s)/Industry"
High frequency ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging is repeatedly and non-invasively applied for early diagnosis of atherosclerosis, skin aging and tissue metabolism. They are useful for efficacy assessment of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. High frequency ultrasound is also applied in the industrial areas where thickness measurement of opaque film or bilayer thin coating with the precision of 0.1 micron is required.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Biomedical Imaging Laboratory, Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
SAIJO, Yoshifumi, Professor PhD (Medicine)

[skin sensor]

Integrative Health and Human Subtle Energy

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“Qi” is a fundamental concept in Chinese medicine. “Reiki” is a Japanese concept of Qi energy. Reiki is well known in Europe and America. For example, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (Harvard Medical School) has a certification system of Hospital Reiki Practitioner. We are thinking to use these subtle energies in the field of Integrative Health.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

At first, technique to detect subtle energy through skin sensor can be offered. Then, cooperative work will start to develop detector of subtle energy. Our final purpose is to use subtle energy in daily life.

Music and Acoustical Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine
ICHIE, Masayoshi, Professor M.D., Ph.D.

[sleep]

The Novel Ultrasound Irradiation Device

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Dr. Katsunori Nonogaki has developed the novel ultrasound irradiation device, which can improve the autonomic nervous system activity and peripheral circulation. In addition, the ultrasoud device can improve hypertension and hyperglycemia within 20 min in subjects with drug-resistant hypertension and diabetes. Our initial device was approved in Japan (226AIBZX00028000). This device will be avaliable for the treatment of 1) muscle pain, 2) the autonomic neural dysfunction and stress-related disorders, 3) hypertention, and 4) diabetes. Moreover, the device will be usefull for your healthy life and aging care.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our aims are to export the device internationally. We seek the investment and international business partners.

Department of Diabetes Technology, Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
NONOGAKI, Katsunori, Professor MD, PhD