Tohoku University. Research Profiles

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"S" Keywords - 167 Result(s)

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[Solar cells]

Development of Interconnect Materials and Processes for High Performance and High Reliability Electric Devices

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Electronic products can be operated not only by semiconductors but also by metal interconnections attached to the semiconductors. Required properties for the metal interconnections are ohmic contact, diffusion barrier property, adhesion with semiconductors, and low resistivity, corrosion resistance, process reliability. Our group has committed ourselves to develop new metals and processes to meet the needs of wide-ranged device producers with consideration of cost performance. Topics of our research include (1) Cu alloys to self-form a diffusion barrier layer in multilayer interconnection of Si devices, (2) Cu alloys to form a reaction-doping layer in IGZO oxide semiconductors, (3) Nb alloys to achieve mechanical and thermal reliability with good ohmic property for SiC power devices, (4) Cu alloys for transparent conductive oxide such as ITO, (5) screen-printable Cu paste lines for solar cells, etc..

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our research efforts are targeted at metallization and interconnections for advanced LSI, flat panel displays, touch panels, power modules, solar cells, and other electronic devices. Collaborators include material producers, equipment vendors, and device producers in the entire value chain of electronic products.

Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering
KOIKE, Junichi, Professor PhD

[Solar thermal power]

Development of Renewable Energy Systems for Sustainable Development Society

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Development of renewable energy systems as well as research on high efficient energy conversion systems is a key technology to solve the global-scale environmental destruction and energy problems. We are working on the research on the advanced technology of renewable energy such as solar energy and hydrogen. Topics of research are two of the following roughly separately. 
(1) Development of highly effective thermal energy systems and energy saving systems by using spectral control of thermal radiation. 
(2) Aiming at the achievement of the hydrogen energy society, we develop new energy conversion devices based on solid state ionics, and perform feasible studies for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) based on mechanics of materials.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

High temperature solar absorption materials
High effieciency solar-termophotovoltaic (STPV) system
Small power source for mobile electric devices based on micro-SOFC
New energy harvesting devices in harsh environment

Department of Mechanical Systems and Design, Graduate School of Engineering
YUGAMI, Hiroo, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Solid electrolytes]

Developing energy creation and saving materials

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Most innovations have been triggered by advent of new materials. We focus on to explore new inorganic materials and their synthesis routes on the basis of our knowledge about the material design and various materials processing technologies. We develop proton conducting phosphate glasses working at intermediate temperatures and narrow gap oxide semiconductors applicable in visible and NIR regions, simple and safe synthesis routes to cadmium-free quantum dot phosphors and colloidal indium arsenide quantum dots for solar cells. Thin-film solar cells, fuel cells and light-emitting devices using those materials are also developing.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We focus on oxide semiconductors, proton conducting electrolytes and electrodes, quantum dots and nanocrystals in order to apply them in solar cells, fuel cells, light-emitting devices and displays. But, applicable area of our technologies is not limited in those applications.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials (IMRAM)
OMATA, Takahisa, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Solid state physics]

Electronic properties of nanostructures and nanodevices

Features

1) We investigate interesting properties of nanostructures and develop materials and devices utilizing nanostructures.
2) We have techniques and skills on low-noise electric measurements, cryogenics, nanofabrication, and data informatics. We are open to new collaborations.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Research Institute of Electrical Communication
OTSUKA, Tomohiro, Associate Professor Doctor of Science

[Solid-Liquid Interfaces]

Development of Nano-Interface Chemistry for Materials Sciences Using Surface Forces Measurement

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Our research aims at developing methods, including instrumentation, for characterizing surface (or interface) at the nano-meter level. Most of our research subjects are related to the surface forces measurement, which can directly monitor the interaction between two surfaces. We study phenomena occurring at the solid-liquid interface such as adsorption and structuring of liquids. We have developed the resonance shear measurement which is a sensitive method for evaluating properties of confined liquid for nano-rheology and tribology. Twin-path surface forces apparatus we developed enabled us to study wide variety of samples such as metals, ceramics and plastics.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

These methods are applicable for characterizing lubricants, nano-materials, paints, sealants, and cosmetics. We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
KURIHARA, Kazue, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Solid-state welding processes]

Design and control of new weld interface during welding of dissimilar materials

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Welding of dissimilar materials is an important process to manufacture the future structures and devices, but it is hard to produce the high-performance welds because the excessive reaction at the weld interface deteriorates the weld properties. Our group attempts to develop the new dissimilar welding process to yield the new interface with the aimed properties through design and control of interfacial reaction as well as usage of solid-state welding processes, such as friction stir welding and ultrasonic welding.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We hope to have collaborative researches with willing companies for practical application of welding of dissimilar materials, including metal/metal and metal/thermoplastic composite, in transportation, infrastructure, and energy industries.

Department of Materials Processing, Graduate School of Engineering
SATO, Yutaka, Professor Ph.D.

[Solidification Structure]

Composition and Structure Control of Steel and Other Metals Using Refining and Solidification

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The production processes of base materials, such as iron- and steel-making processes, belong to an age of technical innovation toward an eco-friendly society. To support this innovation, fundamental studies are being conducted in our laboratory. The main subjects are "Process Design of Highly Efficient Reactors by Enlargement of Reaction Interface", "Recovery of Rice Field damaged by Tsunami using Steelmaking Slag", "Recovery of Rare Metals from By-product of Steelmaking Process", and "Control of Non-metallic Inclusions on Clean Steel Production".

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Directly we are carrying out the collaboration with steelmaking companies, however, our technology can be applied to non-ferrous production and recycling process using high temperature treatment.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
KITAMURA, Shinya, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Solution chemistry]

Chemical imaging devices which operate in severe environments

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We developed both pH and Cl- imaging plates, which can visualize the pH and Cl- concentration on metal surfaces in acidic environments. The pH range is from 3.0 to 0.5, and Cl- concentration up to 4 M can be measured. Fluorescent dyes are successively used for pH and Cl- imaging in the field of biology, but their sensitivity tends to be insufficient in acidic and/or highly concentrated chloride solutions. A glass plate with a sol-gel sensing layer, which contains a pH indicator or a Cl- sensitive florescent dye was fabricated and validated using the solutions with various pH values and Cl- concentrations. Changes in the pH and Cl- distribution on stainless surface in an acidic environment were measured quantitatively.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

The newly developed imaging plates can be used to investigate the mechanism of various chemical reactions, such as corrosion, which occurs in an acidic environment. Micro-flow imaging using our sensing technique will be a promising approach to understand the catalytic chemistry of metal surfaces.
強調

Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering
MUTO, Izumi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Spacecraft]

Development of Electronic Instruments (Radio, Infrared, Optical, and Digital), Extensible Unit, and Embedded Software for Spacecraft

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We have performed the development of the radio wave receivers, radars, infrared & optical cameras / spectrometers, and digital instruments for various space projects. (Ex. KAGUYA [Lunar orbiter], BepiColombo [Mercury orbiter], Exceed [EUV space telescope], Reimei [Small aurora-observatory], ERG [radiation belt], JUICE [Jupiter], the International Space Station [by atmospheric camera IMAP], several sounding rockets and high-altitude balloon experiments.)

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

By historical reasons, the developments of these analog / digital circuits, FPGA, embedded software, extensible mechanics have mainly been with companies and engineers in Kanto and Chubu areas. We hope to find the counter companies / persons in Sendai / Miyagi / Tohoku areas.

Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science
KASABA, Yasumasa, Professor PhD (Electronics)

[Spacecraft Onboard Avionics and Mission Instruments]

Design and Development of 50 kg-class Micro Satellites

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We design and develop micro satellites in a format of 50 cm cubic size and 50 kg mass. We have developed the first and second micro satellites of Tohoku University, named “RISING” and “RISING-2”, launched by using JAXA’s H-IIA rocket vehicle in January 2009 and May 2014, respectively. Both satellites are operated from our ground station in the university. Particularly, RISING-2 has succeeded in capturing high precision color images of the Earth's surface at a spatial resolution of 5m, the highest in the world among 50kg-class satellites. Now the third micro satellite for international science mission is under the development. In addition, we are active in nano satellite development. The first nano-sat “RAIKO” in a 10 by 10 by 20 cm format was launched from the International Space Station in 2012. More nano-sats are under the development.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We would like to make innovation in space business by introducing a new paradigm for rapid and low cost development of space systems for various missions of remote sensing, earth observation, and space exploration. We have rich experience in the development of spacecraft bus systems, onboard avionics systems and mission instruments. Collaborations with technology and business partners are welcome.

Department of Aerospace Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering
YOSHIDA, Kazuya, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[Sparse Modeling]

Optimizing everything / Optimal Society

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Aiming at developing practical quantum optimization technology known as quantum annealing, we are working on exploring basic technologies that can overcome the limitations and applications in collaboration with multiple companies. The advantage of the method is that it can be used simply by formulating a cost function that draws the goal to be optimized once, but we are not limited to the original method. We extend it by considering a much easier problem, sequential optimization by learning, black box optimization, etc.. In particular, it is being applied to automated driving, logistics in factories, and evacuation guidance during disasters.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Applications to route search problems such as automatic driving of various vehicles, evacuation route guidance at the time of disaster, process scheduling and a large number of combination problems. We can provide a solution to combinatorial optimization in each industry. (Transportation / distribution, manufacturing, materials, drug discovery, etc.)

Graduate School of Information Sciences, Applied Information Sciences, Information and Applied Technology, Physical Fluctuomatics
OHZEKI, Masayuki, Associate Professor Doctor of Science

[SPECT]

Development of Compound Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

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The main research subject of our group is developing material purification methods, crystal growth methods and detector fabrication technologies for compound semiconductor radiation detectors. Our group intensely studies a compound semiconductor, thallium bromide (TlBr), for fabrication of gamma-ray detectors for the advanced radiation applications. The attractive physical properties of TlBr lie in its high atomic number (Tl: 81, Br: 35), high density (7.56 g/cm3) and wide bandgap (2.68 eV). Due to the high atomic number and high density, TlBr exhibits high photon stopping power. The wide bandgap of TlBr permits the device low-noise operation at and above room temperatures.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Our group focuses on development of compound semiconductor radiation detectors for advanced radiation applications including ultra-high resolution PET systems, ultra-high resolution SPECT systems, photon counting CT systems and Compton cameras. We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of this technology in industry.

Department of Quantum Science and Energy Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering
HITOMI, Keitaro, Associate Professor Doctor of Engineering

Radiological Medical Infomatics

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PET and SPECT have very high sensitivity to detect molecule by means of radiation detection, and are considered to be excellent tools for molecular imaging. We are studying and developing data analysis techniques for PET and SPECT data. Using our approaches, we can analyze data in quantitative manner, and obtain physiological functions in living organism.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Pharmaceutical companies who are interested in using PET to evaluate efficacy of new drug. Companies which are related to medical informatics, medical equipments.

Cyclotron and Radioisotope Center
WATABE, Hiroshi, Professor PhD

[Spin current]

Fabrication of Spintronics Materials by Artificial Nanostructure Control

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Our group works on the fabrication of materials and the fundamental study of physical phenomena for spintronics. Particularly, we are interested in magnetic ordered alloys, and fabricate nanolayered structures, tunnel junctions or composite device structures with those materials to investigate novel magnetic and magnetotransport properties. Recently we are also interested in the correlation between spin and heat currents, and investigate novel thermo-electric phenomena.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of new spintronic devices with low energy consumption and thermoelectric devices for energy harvesting.

Institute for Materials Research
TAKANASHI, Koki, Professor Doctor of Science

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[solid-phase synthesis]

Synthesis of Biologically Active Cyclodepsipeptide Natural Products

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Cyclodepsipeptide natural products include optically active hydroxy acids as well as various unnatural amino acids and exhibit a variety of biological activity depending on the peptide sequence, chirality, and selection of the hydroxy acids. Structure-activity relationships of a synthetic library of natural products could give us significant information of not only biologically important moieties but also intact positions in the biologically active small molecules. On the basis of the former information, more potent compounds and/or peptide mimetics can be designed. The latter information can also be important for making a molecular probe that is used for exploration of a target molecule.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

We study for combinatorial synthesis of natural product analogues using solid-phase.

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences
DOI, Takayuki, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[solvent property]

Supercritical Fluid Technology Based on its Unique Properties

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We have investigated various physical properties of supercritical fluids and their mixture. The properties studied are density, viscosity, phase equilibria, solubility, etc. under high temperatures and pressures. Using these suprecritical fluid features, we have proposed their application technologies; such as extraction of natural resources, cleaning, drying, catalyst preparation, polymer processing, polymer recycling, biomass conversion and controlled delivery. The methodologies used are experiments, simulation and theretical ones.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Cleaning Technology: precision machinery component, optical component, etc.
Extraction of Natural Resources: food, supplements, aroma.
Polymer Processing: functional resin, electronic component, etc.

Graduate School of Engineering
INOMATA, Hiroshi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[special needs education]

Applying Blended Learning to Special Needs Education

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I am interested in the human communication process and the man-machine interaction in some educational situation. I conducted interviews, questionnaires, behavior observations and experiments of students with special educational needs, their parents and teachers to investigate the needs, accessibility, usability, efficacy and its factors of blended learning and digital learning materials.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

The outcomes of our research will make contribution to the design and development of teaching/learning materials and methods.

Graduate School of Educational Informatics Research Division
KUMAI, Masayuki, Professor PhD

[spin dynamics]

Physical properties and spin dynamics of nanomagnets and their application to magnetic memory devices

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Rapid progress toward information society has aroused much attention to magnetic memory devices because of their nonvolatility, high data density, low cost, high-speed accessibility. With reducing their constituent size down to 10 nm, various effects, such as surface and quantum size effects and thermal agitation of spins, appear and hamper further advance in device performance. It is indispensable to elucidate various physical properties of nanosized magnets. Under this circumstance, our intensive effort is focused on (1) size effect on crystal phase of magnets, (2) highly sensitive magnetic detection technique, (3) magnetic behavior of single nanomagnets, (4) new SPM lithography, and (5) new media and technology for ultrahigh density recording.

Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials
KITAKAMI, Osamu, Professor Doctor of Engineering

Spintronics Devices and Materials

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Spintronics is a technology utilizing electron spin which provided magnetic sensor, nonvolatile magnetic memory, and so on. Our studies are as below.

Noble & Rare-earth free magnetic films with large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. We achieved to develop various Mn-bases alloy films exhibiting high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (Fig.1 ).
THz range observation of magnetization motion. We achieved to detect a motion of magnetization using pulse laser in time domain (Fig. 2).
Novel organic spin devices. We achieved to fabricate hybrid junction consisting of an organic layer sandwiched by two inorganic magnetic layers and to observe magnetoresistance effect.
Tunnel Magnetoresistive devices: We are developing TMR devices with Mn-Ga alloys films (Fig.3 ).

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Magnetic memory and storage. Microwave and Terahertz wave. Magnetic sensors.
We hope to conduct collaborative research with a willing company for a practical application of these devices and materials in industry.

WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research
MIZUKAMI, Shigemi, Professor Doctor of Engineering

[spinal cord injury]

Induction of Schwann cells from human mesenchymal stem cells and their application to spinal cord injury and demyelinating diseases

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Bone marrow stromal cells have great advantages since they are already applied to patients either by auto- or allo-transplantations, can be harvested in large numbers (10 million cells within several weeks) as adherent cells from bone marrow aspirates, and are with low risk of tumorigenesis. Furthermore, marrow bank is available. Likewise, mesenchymal cells harvested from umbilical cord are also easily accessible from cord bank and are a good source of mesenchymal stem cells. We have established a system to induce functional Schwann cells (peripheral glia) from human bone marrow stromal cells and umbilical cord mesenchymal cells by treating cells with a series of reagents and cytokines. This induction system successfully generates Schwann cells with very high efficiency (~97%). They were confirmed to elicit neural regeneration in peripheral nerve damages and spinal cord injury (Eur, J. Neurosci, 2001; J. Neurosurg, 2004, J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol, 2005, Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2007; Tissue Eng., 2011). The efficiency and safety of induced Schwann cells were demonstrated in monkey by 1 year follow up (Exp. Neurol., 2010). Importantly, induced cells not only elicited neural regeneration in both peripheral and central nervous system, but also contributed to functional recovery by restoring myelin and saltatory conduction. Therefore, these cells are expected to be effective to demyelinating diseases as well. We hope to collaborate with companies and research groups who are willing to utilize our system.

Targeted Application(s)/Industry

Graduate School of Medicine
DEZAWA, Mari, Professor Doctor of Medicine